Damaged screw


Case You have to screw out a bolt with damaged head (after forcing a stucked screw with the screwdriver can happen to damage the PH00 slot), You have 2 possibilities: to cut a simple straight slot with a small grinding machine (little bit dangerous, but sometimes is the only possibility), or to grab the head with a side-cutter, strong enough, that the blade enteres in the screwhead, and rotate it.

Posted in General topics | Leave a comment

Soldering irons: Weller and Fahrenheit


I need at least 2 soldering irons: a “normal size” for everyday use, and a tiny one, with the tip like a needle.

A good Weller station is a lot of money, so i decided to use a Fahrenheit 28011 station. It is a chinese, khmmm, …. thing.

They offer many sizes of tips at a reosanable price – but sometimes i need the tiny Weller tip too, which is not compatible.

Or, better to say, was not, till yet.

Here can you see the difference. I tried to cut the end of the chinese, to mount there the weller tip – unfortunately the bore at the end of the tube is bigger.

So, as the Weller tube is a little bit thicker, i put it on the chinese tube, i soldered it with brass (hard soldering), i cut the ending of an original chinese tip – and now i have an upgrade kit for weller tips.

The other ideea was to solder with brass the tip on the other cutted tip.

Works too!

Yes, it is not too esthetic. And?

Posted in General topics | 6 Comments

SD-card – not working


Case You have a 500d (or any other camera, using a SD-slot), can happen, that the camera does not feel the inserted card, or gets the false information, that the card is write-protected.

The cause is in most of the cases, that the two small switches, one for carde presence, and the other for write protection are damaged. To replace a card slot ONLY for this reason is dangerous for the board and a lot of work. Normally i rather make a bridge on the switch – a small wire and 2 solderings.

Her you see how it looks for the 500d. Just check the right soldering pafs on the PCB.

Posted in General topics | 1 Comment

Not starting DSLR – and the shorted motor


I had to repair an old 40d (but in this case could be ANY other Canon DSLR), which did not start at all. No message on the displays, nothing. After inserting the battery there was a very tiny “tick” noice from the inside, but nothing else. I checked the following (by replacement of the parts):

– dc-dc board

– flash board with the single “P” type fuse (was ok, not burned)

– main board.

No change.

I tried to start WITHOUT the motors – and it started !!! But error code 99 on the display.

I measured the resistance of the motors: 3,3 ohm – which was the same for a known good one too.

I tried with an another, external motor: worked! (with error code, of course, as the mechanism was moving on the other camera)

I mounted a used, but known good motor into the board: worked!

I assembled a small testing circuit with a motor and a current limited source. Result: the bad motor draws more, than 1000 mA (with rotating of the rotor), the replacement only 65 mA.

So – the motor has an internal SHORT!

Now the camera workes fine!

The motor has an interesting internal construction: the stator is formed of a ferromagnetic metal tube and a cilindrical shaped coaxial (strong) magnet, the rotor is made ONLY of the copperwire coil, plus the commutator.

Posted in General topics | 1 Comment

No ideea what is wrong – search for the screws


As You know, there are some cameras with typical falling out screws, which can make problems (7d, 5dI, 40d…).

I had to repair a 17-85 IS – always the same, aperture flex broken, and as a second mandatory thing, cleaning the USM (after complete disassembly).

This lens had a second problem: no zooming possible. After disassebly I have seen, that the metal lever is not on his place, the two small screws disappeared.

I repaired it, outgoing ckeck – IS not working, and making a rattling noice.

Hrrrrr.

Disassembly – no cable is broken.

Assembly. Rattling noice.

….

What else could be? And then i came on an ideea: what about the scres?

I disassembled again – and exactly on a coil of the IS, closed to the magnet there was one of the screws.

Assembly. Works!

Excepting the fact, that i have IS only on the vertical direction. I suppose, the screw distroyd somehow the windings on the coil.

I told to the customer, we decided to let it in this for.

So, NEVER give up, when searching for missing screws.

Posted in General topics | 2 Comments

AF sensor feedback LED dislocated


During my ten years of repairing I have seen several times cameras with dislocated AF point LED-s. The symptom:  you can see only a very dimmed red light or nothing at all.

In some cases the problem is the dislocated screen with the engraved squares – but sometimes the problem appeared after the owner dropped the camera.

The AF point LED-s are fitted on a small PCB, which is mounted on the top of the pentaprism. Between the LED panel and the pentaprism there is a small optical system, with a lens and moe prisms, which have the rule to project the image of the 9 (or any other number) of red points on the surface of the screen matte. The whole LED atrix is about 5×3 mm, you can imagine, what does it mean to put is back to it’s original position, and to glue it back.

IMG_20190628_184801_1561748567359_13

And there is another problem: the LEDs make light only when the camera is assembled, and you press the AF points button. But in that moment you have no access to the LED panel to move it…

This camera today is an old 5d Mk1 – so nobody will pay for this operation – but the PLEASURE to do it….

I decided to make a small supply for the panel, I used a LiPo cell, approx 4,2 volts. I measured the  LEDs pinout.

IMG_20190628_184713_1561748568387_19  IMG_20190628_184953_1561748567189_12

After finding the right polarity (common anode, so each particular LED gets the GND), I found the right two pins for the CENTRAL and one side LED. I needed two because the cetral position is the ost important, but I had to know the angular position too.

Next question: how much current?

You know, in the  hungarian tales the dragon have always 7 heads. And do you know why EXACTLY seven? because 6 is a too small number, 8 would be too much, so, it is 7.

I was thinking that normally a small led takes 5-10 mA. This is a very small one, let give him 0,5 mA. As the lED-s opening voltage is about 1,7 V, from the 4,2 volt remains 2,5 V. I had there a resistor of 3,3kOhm, this makes a current of ca    0,75 mA. Little bit more.

And here it is:

IMG_20190628_204412_1561748566613_8

Now I mounted it on it’s place, looked through the viewfinder…

IMG_20190628_210000_1561748566053_5

After a 5 minutes of moving and positioning it was right on it’s place. Now I took some cyanacrilate glue to keep it in the right position (normally I don’t use it in cameras, as the produce a remaining white precipitation on the surfaces), .

IMG_20190628_210200_1561748565709_3  IMG_20190628_210216_1561748565395_1 

After the glue hardened, I checked the LED-s position again, and I glued it with a 2 component glue.

IMG_20190628_214138_1561750905771_1

And now: waiting. Exactly to write this post….

I have to put back the cable, and to check the lights.

 

Too much work for a 5dMk1. probably. But could be a more expensive camera.

Posted in General topics | 2 Comments

Canon EOS camera error codes and messages


original here: https://cpn.canon-europe.com/content/education/infobank/camera_settings/eos_error_codes_and_messages.do

 

And here is a copy from the official Canon site, case you don’t find the original.

 

Camera settings: EOS Error codes and messages

When using your EOS camera you may occasionally get an error code or message appearing on the camera’s LCD screen. Most of these errors can be quickly and easily resolved – the various EOS error codes and messages are described below with information that should assist you in resolving your issue.

EOS Error codes

Err 01

Description: The communication between the camera and lens is faulty.

Resolution: Very gently clean the electrical contacts (highlighted in red) on the camera and the lens using a clean and dry cloth.

CAUTION

When cleaning the contacts take the following precautions:

  • Do not wipe the contacts with a wet cloth.
  • Do not touch the contacts directly with your hands. Touching them with your hands could cause corrosion, which would cause the camera to become inoperable.
  • When cleaning the contacts on the lens side, be careful not to damage the lens surface.
Err 02

Description: The camera cannot access the memory card.

Resolution:
  1. Remove and re-install the memory card.
  2. Format the memory card as described in the user manual. The user manual for your EOS camera can be downloaded by clicking here for the Canon Europe EOS camera support page.
  3. If formatting the memory card does not resolve the error please replace the memory card.
Err 03

Description: There are too many folders on the memory card.

Resolution: Replace the memory card with a formatted Compact Flash memory card.

Err 04

Description: Images cannot be saved because the memory card is full.

Resolution:
  1. Erase any unnecessary images on the memory card.
  2. Format the memory card as described in the user manual. The user manual for your EOS camera can be downloaded by clicking here for the Canon Europe EOS camera support page.
  3. If formatting the memory card does not resolve the error please replace the memory card.
Err 05

Description: The built-in flash could not be raised.

Resolution: Turn the power switch off and then on again.

Err 06

Description: The sensor cleaning is not possible.

Resolution: Turn the power switch off and then on again.

Err 10

Description: A malfunction with the files on the memory card has been detected.

Resolution: Turn the power off, then remove and re-install the battery. Then turn the power on again.

Err 20

Description: A malfunction with the mechanical mechanism has been detected.

Resolution: Turn the power off, then remove and re-install the battery. Then turn the power on again.

Err 30

Description: A malfunction with the shutter has been detected.

Resolution: Turn the power off, then remove and re-install the battery. Then turn the power on again.

Err 40

Description: A malfunction with the power source has been detected.

Resolution: Turn the power off, then remove and re-install the battery. Then turn the power on again.

Err 50

Description: A malfunction related to the electric control has been detected.

Resolution: Turn the power off, then remove and re-install the battery. Then turn the power on again.

Err 60

Description: An error occurred preventing shooting, the lens movement may be obstructed.

Resolution: Check that the lens is clear from obstructions. Then turn the power switch off and then back on again.

Err 70

Description: A malfunction with the images has been detected.

Resolution: Turn the power off, then remove and re-install the battery. Then turn the power on again.

Err 80

Description: A malfunction with the electric control or images has been detected.

Resolution: Turn the power off, then remove and re-install the battery. Then turn the power on again.

Err 99

Description: This is a general error that can occur because of several different reasons.

Resolution:
  1. Turn the power off and remove then re-install the battery.
  2. Turn the power on again.
  3. Very gently clean the electrical contacts (highlighted in red) on the camera and lens using a clean and dry cloth.

  1. Very gently clean the electrical contacts on the camera and flash using a clean and dry cloth.

CAUTION

When cleaning the contacts take the following precautions:

  • Do not wipe the contacts with a wet cloth.
  • Do not touch the contacts directly with your hands. Touching them with your hands could cause corrosion, which would cause the camera to become inoperable.
  • When cleaning the contacts on the lens side, be careful not to damage the lens surface.

EOS Error messages

AC – Error Message

Description: The imaging element corresponds to the film in a film camera. If dirt or foreign matter gets on this imaging element, black spots may be recorded on the corresponding part of the image. If this happens, clean the imaging element.

Resolution: When performing the required cleaning, always connect the EOS camera to a household power outlet using the DC coupler.

If you try to clean the imaging element while the battery back is installed in the camera, the cleaning warning message ‘AC’ will blink on the camera’s LCD panel and you will not be able to clean the imaging element.

Instructions on cleaning the imaging element can be found in the user manual. The user manual for your EOS camera can be downloaded by clicking here for the Canon Europe EOS camera support page.

bu59 / bu54 / buSY / busy

Description: If the message bu59, bu54, buSY or busy is displayed on the camera, it could mean one of the following things:

  • The flash is recycling. If you shoot 20 images with flash at short intervals, the flash might stop operating. This is to protect the flash unit.
  • Continuous Shooting has occurred. This indicates that the camera’s buffer memory is full and shooting cannot continue.
  • The EOS camera is connected to a PC, Mac or printer
Resolution:
  1. If you press the shutter button halfway and the message is displayed in the viewfinder and/or on the LCD monitor, wait until the display turns off. This gives time for either the flash to recycle or the buffer memory to clear, enabling full use of the camera again.
  2. If the camera is connected to a PC, Mac or printer, disconnect before attempting to use.

NOTE: Please do not switch off your EOS camera while ‘buSY’ is shown. This may cause problems with the EOS camera or Compact Flash card.

Battery level is too low. Cannot clean sensor

Description: There is insufficient battery power causing the shutter to close during the cleaning of the image sensor and the shutter curtains, resulting in possible damage to the image sensor.

Resolution: Either use a fully-charged battery or a household power outlet before starting to clean the image sensor.

Cannot play back image

Description: The message ‘Cannot playback image’ appears when attempting to play back images on the camera. This error can occur for the following reasons:

  • You are trying to play back images captured with a non-Canon camera.
  • Images in the memory card have been imported to a computer and rotated or edited and then written back to the memory card.
  • The memory card is malfunctioning.
Resolution:
  1. Import the images to a computer and check if they can be displayed.
  2. If you have multiple memory cards, format another memory card and take some test shots.

If images can be played back normally, the card that shows the error message may be malfunctioning. In this case, format the memory card, as described in the user manual. The user manual for your EOS camera can be downloaded by clicking here for the Canon Europe EOS camera support page.

CbC

Description: This is a warning regarding the date/time battery level. The date/time battery maintains the camera’s date and time. When the date/time battery’s power is low, ‘CbC’ will appear on the LCD panel.

Resolution: Replace the date/time battery with a new battery as described in the user manual. The user manual for your EOS camera can be downloaded by clicking here for the Canon Europe EOS camera support page.

CLEAn / CLn / CCd

Description: The image sensor is like the film in a film camera. If any dust gets on the image sensor, it may show up as a dark speck on the images. The mirror will lockup and the shutter will open, ‘CLEAn’ or ‘CLn’ will then blink on the LCD panel.

Resolution: Turn the power switch off and then on again to automatically activate the sensor cleaning function.

Alternatively you can manually activate the sensor cleaning function as follows:

  1. Under the Set-up tab of the menu, select ‘Sensor Cleaning’; then press the SET button.
  2. Turn the Quick Control Dial Dial to select ‘Clean Now’ and press the SET button.
  3. Select ‘OK’ and press the SET button. The screen will indicate cleaning and there will be a shutter sound but no picture will be taken.
ErrCF / CardErr / Folder number full

Description: If the folder number reaches 999 and the file number reaches 9999, this error message appears even if there is space remaining on the card.

Resolution:
  1. Remove and re-insert the memory card.
  2. Try using a different memory card.
  3. If possible transfer all images on the card to a computer and then format the card with the camera. The card may then return to normal.
  4. Replace with a new Compact Flash memory card. When a newly formatted Compact Flash card is installed, the folder number starts from 100 and the image file number starts from 0001.
FullCF / CardFull / CF Card Full

Description: No images can be shot or recorded.

Resolution:
  1. If the Compact Flash memory card is full, erase any unnecessary images.
  2. If erasing images has not resolved the error, please replace with a new Compact Flash memory card.
L – Error Message

Description: If the [LOCK] switch is set to the right and you try to use one of the locked camera controls, ‘L’ will be displayed in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel. On the shooting settings display [LOCK] will be displayed.

Resolution: Set the [LOCK] switch to the left to release it and enable the functions.

No CF / No CF Card / No Card in Camera

Description: This message can be displayed for the following reasons:

  • If there is no Compact Flash memory card installed and you press the shutter button.
  • If there is no Compact Flash memory card installed and you start the camera.
  • If there is no Compact Flash memory card installed and you try to format the card.

Resolution: Insert a Compact Flash memory card.

Posted in Canon camera | 4 Comments

Canon battery grip – how to take off


My customer had a Canon camera – and the (original Canon)  battery grip was no more possible to be taken off. This type of grips have a big actuator wheel for the fixing screw – which unfortunately is made of plastic, so easily can loose the teethes of the pinion. I decided to carve away all the plastic, to have access to the internal pinion of the screw.

IMG_20190125_234941_1548459340008_11

After a few minutes of machining with a small hand drill I had access to the pinion with a screwdriver… and the grip was in my hand.

IMG_20190125_234957_1553025661364_5IMG_20190125_235020_1553025660675_3

IMG_20190125_235554_1548459336648_5IMG_20190125_235537_1548459337375_6

Posted in Canon camera, grip | 2 Comments

How to measure CMOS position with a dial gauge


Case You want to replace the shutter in a newer Canon camera, you will have to take out at first the sensor. And the sensor is positioned regarding the flange NOT with the help of some adjustment washers, but with springs and adjustment screw.

Please trust me: you will NOT be able to put it back only by marking the original position, or counting the rotations of the screw. We are talking about the precision of 0,01 mm at least.

https://canonrepair.wordpress.com/2013/01/13/shutter-replacement-in-canon-50d/

https://canonrepair.wordpress.com/2013/04/01/5d-mk-ii-cmos-positioned-on-washer-or-spring/

https://canonrepair.wordpress.com/2012/07/16/kprzkelo-cmos-belltsa/

Somebody told me, that the description of the dial gauge holder was not clear enough – so here You have a more detailed description. Sorry for the photo quality – has been made with a phone)

At first, here is the distance, You should measure. Better to say, only one of them, the other 2 they are not accessible at all. But does it have any sense to be measured with a caliper?

DPP_0018

Of course: NOT.

Even the precise calipers are not made for this type of measuring. So, You will need a stand for a dial gauge, and a fixture for the camera, to make possible, to hold it with high repeatability under the gauge.

DPP_0002  DPP_0016

The distance is about 43.0-45.0 mm – o You would need a digital gauge in the 0 – 50 mm range. Not cheap.
I decided to make a cheaper solution, so I used a 0 – 12,5 mm gauge, 0,001 mm resolution (don’t confuse resolution with precision – in this case, the real precision is probably 0,01 mm.

At first, we will set the “0” display using a 40,0 mm steel block – just to make possible a later measurement. I use a steel block made of HSS steel, used as a lathe cutting tool. Important is, that it should be hard and with perfect parallel faces. (I let this made on a grinding machine). You can use for example a 200x20x20 mm bar, cut with an angle grinder to pieces.
2 pieces together give approx 40 mm. The exact size does not count – important is only, to be able to use always the same “etalon”

image

DPP_0004  DPP_0005

Now put the steel block on the base surface, and set zero on the dial gauge (the base surface is made of a hard steel plate, in my case on the internal part of a Delphi diesel pump)). This is the most important part – it has to be a perfect plane.

DPP_0009  DPP_0006

This is the original displayed value, before zeroing:

DPP_0007

And this is after pressing the ZERO button.

DPP_0008

Now You can take off the steel block. (Next time You can set the same zero point using the same steel block again.

IMG_20180930_095900_HDR_1538306657817_1  DPP_0001

On the CMOS you have to mark the 3 measuring points with a cross, and letters: A, B, C.

DPP_0016  DPP_0010  DPP_0011

Now you position the measuring tip on the cross and measure the height.

DPP_0012

Don’t forget to add the 40,0 mm to this, and write it on a card:

DPP_0013  DPP_0014

 

Remember, the adjustment screws have TORX head, to help You to rotate them without axial force.

Don’t push or move the CMOS plate during measuring. The case you press it will change its position, and You cannot put it back to the right position. Excepting the case You measured it  before…)

Posted in Canon camera, DIY, tools | 10 Comments

Optical alignment


Cementing a Doublet: Opto-Alignment Technology, Inc.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cl6K-EXPILo

 

SmartAlign for lens alignment and assembly processes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D6KDGPw4-y8

 

Canon EF Lens Plant – Lens Assembly Process

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Oyud3EA9kE

 

Lens Handler Operations

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_eHnrxYyb5k

Posted in lens | Leave a comment